Prostate cancer is a leading cause of deaths due to cancer among men, and also a cause of major health problem because of its high incidence rates. The reasons of occurrence and progression of this disease is not very well known, though it is observed to be more prevalent in men over the age of 50 with more than 80% of tumors related to prostate cancer being limited in size thus not clinically significant.
Though number of men above the age of 50 remains high for prostate cancer, the relative survival rates have gone up significantly. The number of age-specific prostate mortality rates has also gone down, with 99% of men diagnosed with regional prostate cancer surviving at least 5 years and only 33% of those with metastates survive five years.
The early detection of prostate cancer with proper guidelines is possible to reduce mortality related to prostate cancer with the user as urologist. Early detection referred as secondary prevention at pre-symptomatic stage is possible without any intention of seeking medical care. It is therefore important for men to know about prostate cancer and talk to the physician, be informed about prostate cancer screening.
To understand prostate better, it is part of the male reproductive system which is a gland about the size of walnut which is below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The prostate gland also secretes fluid which makes up part of the semen. It is important for men, especially over the age of 50 to discuss with their physician and take informed decision regarding screening of prostate.
The exact causes of cancer are unknown, though studies have happened to find some probable causes which are age, smoking, ethnicity, family history, diet and intake of vitamins. The risk of developing prostate cancer increases with age, men over 50 and some ethnicity in particular more likely to develop the disease. Studies also indicate the risk reduces for non-smoker as compared to smokers.
Men of certain ethnic race are more likely to develop such as African, Japan and other Asian countries and some intermediate regions of Central and Western Africa. Men with family history of prostate cancer are more likely to develop the disease, with first degree relatives having the disease having the highest chances of developing the disease. In addition to this, the age of onset the first degree relatives were diagnosed increases the chances of developing the disease.
Other causes likely to contribute though not conclusive are, lifestyle reasons which are not specific but can be attributed to dietary fat and refined sugar intake, inadequate exercise. There is limited evidence to intake of soy as dietary protein for cause of prostate cancer, and also consumption of green tea or a combination of two but nothing conclusive has emerged so far.
Some studies also suggest men who underwent vasectomy have higher chances of developing the cancer, but this is proving to be incorrect. The treatment of prostate cancer requires expertise of a few medical specialists in Pune which are mainly Urologist in Pune, Radiation oncologist and Medical oncologist. Of all the specialists that work for the treatment of prostate cancer, Urologist uses his expertise to treat problems affecting the urinary tract which are kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra and bladder.
Prostate Cancer like most other forms of cancer does not have any established symptoms. The disease if diagnosed at an early stage is treated with medication, but surgery remains the only course of cure if medication fails. The treatment consists of surgery, chemotherapy, cryotherapy, hormonal therapy, and or radiation. Noble Hospital at Pune offers Urology for a number of conditions,