Endodontic therapy is a series of treatments to eliminate infection from the pulp of the tooth and protect decontaminated tooth from future infection. The word
endodontic originates from the word ‘eno’ that means within and ‘odous’ that means tooth in Greek.
Commonly, people use the term
Root Canal while defining the treatment, however that is wrong. Root Canal is the part of the tooth that holds the nerve tissue and blood vessels within the hollow; endodontic therapy is the procedure that deals with the removal of infection and protection of the tooth. The therapy or procedure deals with anything that lies within the root canal, post this the hallow area is cleaned and sealed further shaping and decontaminating it. The material that is used for the filling is commonly
guttapercha along with an eugenol based cement – medicalnewstoday.com
After an endodontic therapy the patient does not feel any pain or irritation in the tooth as the nerve tissue along with the infection is removed that leaves the tooth dead. As scary it might sound, under the experienced hands of dentists, the procedure is often painless.
To further understand Endodontic Therapy and Root canal, one needs to understand the two basic parts of the tooth:.
- The Crown – the upper part of the tooth that is above the gum –
- The Roots – the part that is below the gum that holds that tooth to the jawbone
Other important parts of the tooth are:
- Enamel – The other layer of the crow is called the enamel which is also the hardest part of a human body that is highly mineralized substance.
- Dentin – This gives color to the tooth, even though the dentin is low in mineral content and less brittle, there is a need for it as it supports the enamel.
- Dental Pulp – The core or the center of the tooth is the pulp. It is situated inside the crown and in the root canal and contains soft tissues and ondoplasts.
This dental pulp can get infected with bacteria that reach that pulp through crack, cavity or loose filling in the tooth. Once the bacteria are in the root the bone gets affected, this eventually weakens the tooth, thereby affecting the ligaments around the tooth to swell. This causes sensitivity in high or low temperatures and patients also complain of pain while chewing or throbbing pain.
Without the proper treatment the infection spreads and the tooth eventually loosens and falls out. Patients often choose to pull put the affected tooth, however that might disturb the arrangement of the entire denture. Thus, endodontic therapy is advised to patients suffering from the above mentioned tooth infection. Expert endodontist or dental surgeon take 2-3 sessions for the root canal therapy depending on the number of tooth affected.
Endodontic Therapy goes wrong when the dentist fails to notice all four canals of the tooth in some cases, in that case the infection might still spread into the bone. The best dentists use technologically advanced machines and equipment to avoid such mishaps. Another issue could arise from the filling; if the filling is not deep inside leaving a gap, infection grows from that too.
Hence it is advisable that the best Dentist is chosen when dealing with Endodontic therapy. Noble Hospital in Pune has the best dentists under one roof of. The department of Dentistry showcases world class surgeons along with supporting advanced technology.